If you want to own salt water aquariums but fancy something different, have a think about Moray Eels. They do not appeal to everyone but those that love these creatures will talk for hours about how beautiful they are. They will study them at length too.

Moray eels will eat other fish so need to be introduced into an aquarium with care. They can grow very large very quickly and so will outgrow a small tank in no time. They will hunt day or night or perhaps both depending on how hungry they are. They tend to be short sighted so will rely on their sense of smell.

Although some people find them frightening to look at they are not really dangerous. They can deliver a nasty bite if handled in the wrong way or if they mistake your fingers for food.

You need to keep your salt water aquariums covered or you will find the Moray Eel on the floor of the room. They like to slither out and explore but will die if they are out of water for too long. They require a lot of feeding which in turn produces a lot of waste material. You need to have an efficient filtration system in place or the water quality will deteriorate very quickly. These creatures are probably best avoided by the amateur fish tank owners.

Some fish and eels definitely do not belong in salt water aquariums that are housed in homes with young children. These include members of the piranha family as well as those such as the catfish with its poisonous spines or the electric eels who can deliver potentially fatal electric shocks. If you are injured by one of the inhabitants of the tank, seek medical assistance as quickly as possible. Remember to give the emergency services full information including the scientific name of the fish in question so that the proper treatment can be applied.

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With salt water aquariums it is very important to keep the nitrogen levels down or else the fish will die. Fish are living creatures and like humans they will eat food and release waste. The release of waste material leads to increased levels of nitrogen and carbon dioxide in the water. The carbon dioxide is removed either by algae living in the tank or by the process of aeration. The nitrogen must be converted to less toxic products by bacteria. These bacteria covert waste material into ammonia which is then converted into nitrite and subsequently into nitrate. This is then utilized by the plants as fertilizer and removed from the water. In some salt water aquariums there will be no plants so these nitrates must be removed by other means, usually with filters.

Fish tank filters can be mechanical, chemical or biological. Most aquariums will accommodate all three types of filters and it will be up to you, the owner, as to which type to use. If you are a beginner you may want to take advice on this and steer clear of the biological filters for now or at least don’t solely rely on them as they take some getting used to.

In addition to filters you will also need some form of aeration. Fish use a lot of oxygen and it is important to keep the levels topped up in salt water aquariums. You can get air pumps, air stones or air hoses. You will need a heater to keep the water temperature in the specific range which is dependent on the type of fish you have chosen to buy. Finally you will need proper aquarium lighting. Fish don’t like to be lit up like a Christmas tree so don’t go overboard on the bulb selection.

This all may seem a little complicated but in reality it isn’t.

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The obvious answer to the decision on what to buy for salt water aquariums will be those fish suitable for marine conditions. It is amazing how often people will buy freshwater fish, put them in a marine tank and then wonder why they die!

When it comes to choosing the right inhabitants you should be guided by the experts particularly if you are setting up your first fish tank. Some marine fish are dangerous and not suitable for those lacking experience. Others are extremely fragile and will die very quickly if you lack knowledge and expertise in salt water aquariums.

You cannot be guided by the name of the fish either. You may want to buy something beautiful to look at such as the Angelfish. Despite its name this fish is no angel and does not like to share a tank with the same species so you have been warned. You should really sit down and plan what fish you want to buy so that you can be sure that they can live together relatively peacefully. It is not unheard of for people to spend money on fish only to find that some of the fish have eaten the others.

Take advice from your local trusted dealer. He or she will have the expertise and knowledge to guide you properly on how best to set up your tank. They will give you some ideas on how to introduce beauty and interest to the environment while maintaining the quality of care for these fish. Some fish are easier to look after and therefore are more suitable when you are a novice. You probably want a mixture of species in your salt water aquariums as then they are more likely to replicate the life the fish would have enjoyed in the wild although hopefully without the predators!

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A salt water aquarium is a great addition to any home. Kids love all types of living creatures and will get lots of joy watching the fish swim about. AS they get older you can teach them responsibility by giving them the job of looking after the fish tank and its inhabitants. He will have to clean the tank out at least once a week while checking on the fish every day.

The first thing you need to do is decide on the location of your salt water aquarium as once it has been filled you don’t want to try moving it. Away from any sources of heat is the best place and obviously somewhere where it will not get knocked over. You need to decide what type of fish you are going to get. I would suggest you stick to the cheaper varieties to start off with until you get more experience looking after these beautiful creatures. Having a chat with an expert in this field helps too as they can give you invaluable advice on how many fish to purchase, what species go well together and what combinations you should avoid. Some species are best kept on their own.

Before you actually buy the fish, you will need to purchase some equipment to go with your new salt water aquarium. You will need to test the water quality on a regular basis. You can do this using a kit. A temperature gauge is a must have. You need to test the filters and the heater to ensure they are working properly. If you are serious about looking after these creatures properly, buy yourself a couple of books to help broaden your knowledge of marine life. There is a lot more maintenance looking after a saltwater fish tank and it is generally more expensive too.

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If you plan on having salt water aquariums you need to learn how to keep the inhabitants happy or they will die from stress related diseases. Some fish are easier to keep than others as they adapt well to captivity. Others are not suitable for those novice fish tank owners and are best avoided. Nobody unless they are proven experts and live in a house without pets or children should house dangerous fish in their aquarium. Piranha, electric eels and catfish are just some of the varieties you should avoid.
Sea Bass are quite popular for custom tanks because they are so beautiful. They are relatively easy to maintain as well with the biggest concern being their eventual size. They will also eat smaller fish so be careful who you house them with.

Lionfish are fascinating to look at but need to be handled with care as their sharp spines can cause a nasty injury. These fish usually demand to be fed live food so unless you can maintain this on a daily basis you may want to buy those that have been trained to accept dead food. As with Sea Bass, if you put these fish in a tank with smaller fish the latter will end up as dinner.

Some fish found in salt water aquariums like to bury themselves in sand so shouldn’t be in your tank unless you have the sand in place. These would include the Jawfish who love to burrow in sand but are also known to jump out of the tank if a cover is not secure!

If you fancy a boxfish make sure that the other inhabitants are friendly or this fish will release its lethal mucus thus killing off most of the other inhabitants of the tank. One of the main issues with salt water aquariums is the fact that the fish are designed for the deep Ocean and thus their natural protection can lead to their death in captivity.

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A salt water aquarium is not a toy and shouldn’t be wrapped up as such. By buying a fish tank you are taking responsibility for the care of these beautiful creatures and this is not something you should enter into lightly. In the wild, fish have to take care of themselves. They can move away from various perils and learn how to look after themselves. But in captivity they rely solely on their owners to look after them as they have nowhere to run or hide. They have no protection against dirty water or contaminants being allowed to get into their tank. They cannot protect themselves if you buy species of fish that just do not belong together or you put too many or too few into the tank.

So before you jump into buying a salt water aquarium take some time to familiarize yourself with the fish. Learn about their anatomy and biology. Take time to develop an understanding of their care. You will have certain tasks that you need to do on a daily basis and others that need to be done on a regular basis. Learn about proper feeding, keeping water quality high and what type of shelter they need. In other words learn to walk before you run.

When you are ready to buy your fish, use a good aquatic dealer. His premises should be clean and tidy. He should be prepared to answer your questions even if they seem very basic. He should want to help you provide a good home for these creatures. Only when you have fully mastered how to run a salt water aquarium properly should you look at breeding or buying specialty fish. Develop your talents as an aquarist. Learn from your mistakes as you will make them but there is a huge difference between making a genuine error and being negligent.

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Knowing where to locate your salt water tank is half the battle to providing a good home for your new fish. You do not want to put the tank too near sunlight. This can encourage the growth of algae as well as causing overheating problems. You do not want to put it somewhere it would be in drought either as you want to keep the tank water within a certain temperature range.

Although it might not look it, a salt water tank needs to sit on a firm structure as it will be heavy when full. You can buy specially made aquarium stands. If you are placing it on a shelf, make sure that the shelf is secure enough to hold the tank. Always keep the tank level as you do not want to put pressure on one side of the tank by having the water at a slope. This can cause the aquarium to break or leak, neither of which is healthy for the inhabitants.

Speaking of leaks you should always double check any salt water tank you buy especially if they are bought second hand. If you find a leak it can be sealed but you are probably best returning the tank for a new one. When you are happy that you have the right salt water tank, set it up in the chosen location and fill it with the rocks, coral and water solution. If you have bought fish that like to bury themselves at night e.g. Parrot fishes, you need to put a deep layer of base medium on the bottom of the tank.

Now you have set up your marine aquarium you must continue to look after your fish on a daily basis. Keep them happy and healthy by feeding them the correct food at regular intervals.

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Salt water aquariums come in a lot of different shapes and sizes. The number of fish you can keep will depend on the size of the tank that you buy. Fish need plenty of space to swim and oxygen to breathe and both of these mean that they need a lot of water. When deciding where to put your new tank, you should use a location that is near an electrical socket and not too far from a source of water. It is a good idea to choose a location that will tolerate a water spill just in case the tank cracks or leaks. Obviously this is something that you don’t want to happen but it is best to take precautions just in case.

Some people think that you can buy fish bowls and turn them into salt water aquariums. You can’t! Fish bowls are inhumane even if you only house one goldfish. They contain unfiltered water which is not properly aerated and therefore is not a good home for any fish let alone beautiful tropical ones.

Some people believe that you shouldn’t put the salt water aquarium in the kitchen or living room. But it is better than leaving the fish in an area that gets few visitors. Fish are sociable creatures and will welcome seeing different people wandering around. That doesn’t mean that you should encourage people to tap on the glass of the tank or worse stick their fingers in the water. Fish deserve some respect and frightening them or contaminating their living area is not fair.

Treat your new fish with care and attention and they will thrive. If you believe your fish are ill seek medical attention because chances are you will be right. You will get to know them and will soon see if they are behaving out of character. This is often the first sign of illness.

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When buying salt water aquariums you will need a couple of other objects in order to use your new fish tank. The first item you will need is an aquarium stand. Some people put their fish tank on a book case or similar but you are much safer using a purpose built stand. They are built to the take the weight of the tank and the water it contains. What a lot of people don’t appear to realize is that often a fish tank leaks or cracks as it was standing at an angle and thus the weight of the water was not uniformly dispersed. Don’t waste money trying to save cash on a cheap stand. You will live to regret it.

Another essential is your hood or cover. Salt water aquariums are made from glass or plastic. This is what the hood should be made from too as other materials can contaminate the water. You need a cover for a couple of reasons. Fish can jump and having a cover prevents you walking into a room and finding them on the floor. The cover also prevents splashes ruining your floor covering. It helps to slow down the release of oxygen from the tank and also retains heat. It is a great idea to purchase the hood and stand at the same time as you buy the fish tank.

Finally while you are spending buy a couple of other items. Some of these will often be included with salt water aquariums so check before you hand over your credit card. You will need a temperature gauge, some bedding materials (shells, coral and silica sand) and some dressing for the tank such as rocks, dead coral and perhaps some algae. Make your fish a nice home and they are more likely to thrive in your care.

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Decorating your salt water fish tanks with rocks and pieces of coral is imperative in order to make the fish feel at home. Some species will spend their time picking at the coral as that is what they do in the wild. Make sure you wash all pieces before putting them into the tank to stop any bacteria entering the water. If you are using dead coral you can wash them in a bleach solution to clean them making sure you rinse them properly afterwards. You will know if the bleach has gone by the smell. Coral and rockwork are necessary for some species of fish to feel secure as they like to mark their territory and will return to the same rock every night for shelter. It also gives them somewhere to hide until they get used to the other inhabitants in their new living space.

You may plan on introducing live coral into salt water fish tanks as a species in their own right. Do bear in mind that while they look pretty, they won’t last long if you choose fish that feed on this coral.

Usually people will tell you not to keep algae in an aquarium but it is vital in salt water fish tanks. It helps to lower the nitrogenous waste levels as well as providing a source of food. As with every aquarium, a new marine tank must be left to settle and mature before you add the living inhabitants. You can speed up this process in a Variety of different ways including introducing some base medium from an established marine aquarium. Don’t be in too much of a rush though as you do not want to waste your money buying fish only for them to die as their new home is not yet ready.

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