The setup of your saltwater fish tank is only the beginning. You may have to make many adjustments to the water, lighting, food, and the items in your saltwater fish tank. One frequent problem many people complain about is algae.

Algae can be green or even brown colored. Diatom or brown algae in a saltwater fish tank is easy to get and will need special attention to remove. Fortunately, there are just a few causes for brown algae problems. Once you’ve identified and removed the source, your problem will be solved.

Brown algae, just like the green algae, need light and a few other ingredients to survive. It could be tank lights or sunlight feeding your algae. The other ingredients are nitrates and silicates that help the growth of brown algae in a saltwater fish tank. Therefore, the first step to get rid of brown algae in a saltwater fish tank is to consider the lighting.

If your tank is placed where sunlight hits it for any length of time, you’ll want to move it to a different location. Also, evaluate to make sure the tank lights aren’t too bright, thus giving the brown algae a good growth environment.

Remove Ingredients

The best way to remove brown algae in a saltwater fish tank is to get rid of the ingredient feeding it. Getting rid of the silicates alone will kill the brown algae. It’s also a good idea to remove high levels of nitrates.

The best way to check your nitrate and silicate levels is to buy a test kit. Adjust your water accordingly, cut down on your lights and the brown algae in a saltwater fish tank should be a problem of the past.

What is the best way to get rid of silicates?

Silicates can enter your saltwater tank through many different ways. They can get in with certain sea salts, through the tap water you use, or enter on the substrate inside your tank.

Since the problem could be coming from any of the above sources, the best thing to do is to remove any sand in the tank unless it actually came from the ocean. Start using only RO/DI water no matter what kind of tank you have. Finally yet importantly, check the salt you use for high silicates.

Follow these simple steps and verything in your tank will not only look better but will be healthier. Your salt water fish will have a clean and happy home.

Cris Stanford is the publisher of where you’ll find money saving advice and expert tips on subjects like fighting brown algae in a salt water tank.

Author: Cris Stanford
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Anti-angiogenic Food

Choosing the between all the various salt water fish tank filtration systems can be confusing to say the least. But, before you choose your specific system, there are a few points you must know no matter which system you choose. Keep in mind filtration is a very important part of your tank, so don’t rush through this step.

In natural habitats, the fish have an ample areas in which to live. In your tank, they are confined to a relatively small quantity of water. In your tank, waste products can quickly build up and spell disaster. That’s where the filter comes in.

Four factors have a huge impact on the success of your tank, and your filtration system. You must have an adequate biological base, the appropriate choice of animals, not over-populate, and don’t over feed. Get one of these factors wrong, and you most likely will have problems with your saltwater tank.

Biological filtration is the most important sector of salt water fish tank filter systems. The biological filters are living organisms within your tank. They consume oxygen and waste material within your tank. It’s not something you can add. They will occur naturally within your saltwater fish tank.

Mechanical Filtration

The second type of filtration for your tank is mechanical filtration. This is where you choose the type of salt water filter system you will use in your new tank.

Mechanical filtration strains the solid particles from your tank water. It will not remove solids trapped by gravel, or other items within your tank. A good mechanical filter traps enough solids to keep your water clear, without becoming clogged frequently.

Smaller openings catch finer particles and are clogged faster than a larger opening. Keep this in mind as you choose your mechanical filtration system.

Types of Mechanical Filters

For years, the corner filter has been the least expensive and most used type of salt water fish tank filtration systems. These clear plastic boxes sit inside the tank. An air stone bubbles air through an airlift tube, which forces water through a bed of filter floss mechanically filtering the water.

Today there are better methods,that don’t take up space, look nicer, and perform well.

Power filters are used by many. You’ll find many styles of power filters. The most common hangs on the back of the tank. A siphon tube pulls water from the tank into the filter box and passes the water though a mechanical filter. An internal pump returns the filtered water into the aquarium. Power filters come in many sizes suited for small to large aquariums

Under-gravel filters work by slowly passing water through the gravel on the bottom, which sits on top of a perforated plate. The water pumped with an airlift, with bubbles air lifting the water in a vertical tube attached to the filter plate. One problem is that the gravel clogs up with waste creating a health risk for your fish.

Sponge filters are an efficient,cheap form of biological filtration. Water is forced through porous foam by air bubbling through an airlift tube. Water flowing though the sponge allows the growth of a colony of beneficial bacteria that neutralizes toxic ammonia.

Chemical Filtration

Chemical filtration removes dissolved wastes from aquarium water. The most popular chemical filtration is the carbon filter method. Your water is filtered through gas activated carbon. The best GAC for filtering water is made from coal and is macro-porous (larger pores).

Cris Stanford is the publisher of where you’ll find money saving advice and expert tips on how to set up the perfect salt water fish tank filter systems.

Author: Cris Stanford
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As compared to a freshwater fish tank a salt water fish tank is much more difficult to care for, there is no denying that. But, that doesn’t mean it has to be an uphill battle. If you have wanted a saltwater aquarium but were hesitating about the additional work or maintenance it may require you will want to read this article. Specifically, in this article we will discuss the basic steps involved in the set up, maintenance and choosing of saltwater fish and livestock for your aquarium.

First, you will need to decide which of the two basic salt water fish tank setups you want. The two main types are the fish only set up and the reef set up. The fish only set up can also house other species such as coral and clam but will not include any plant life. If you are worried about the cost or care of your fish tank than the fish only tank is probably the way to go. If on the other hand you are up for a challenge and have a little more money and time on your hands than the reef tank is a wonderful choice but you need to be prepared for the extra time and expense it will cost with this set up.

After you have chosen your salt water fish tank set up and the species of fish you will need to know how to maintain your new tank. Listed below are some tips that will help you to have a successful and healthy aquarium.

  • Monitor and check the ammonia and nitrate levels of your fish tank at least every 6 weeks. After about 6 weeks the water will have cycled enough that it will start showing signs of excess ammonia and nitrate, this means it is time to change the water.
  • Monitor the pH level in your tank on a weekly basis. In addition to monitoring the ammonia and nitrate levels, you will need to make sure the pH is at the proper level as well. Even minor differences in pH levels can be detrimental to your fish and other marine life.
  • Monitor the water in your salt water fish tank. You should check water levels in your tank every couple of days as it is normal for water to evaporate from the tank over time.
  • Clean the take of any algae. Over time algae will naturally build up in your tank, if you do not clean the algae from the tank it will quickly take over the tank and start suffocating the livestock. It’s a good idea to clean your fish tank at least every two weeks.

As you can see although there are a lot of steps involved with caring for and setting up a salt water fish tank if you keep the above tips in mind you can easily have a healthy aquarium for all your friends to admire.

You can get a lot more detailed information on creating a perfect marine fish tank from my favorite saltwater aquarium site here:

Author: Cris M. Stanford
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